|Title||An update on anxiety in youth with autism spectrum disorders.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Vasa, RA, Mazurek, MO|
|Journal||Current Opinion in Psychiatry|
|Date Published||2015 Mar|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Anxiety, Child, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Humans|
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anxiety is one of the most common co-occurring psychiatric conditions in youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This article reviews recent evidence as well as earlier relevant studies regarding the characteristics, assessment, and treatment of anxiety in youth with ASD.
RECENT FINDINGS: It is well established that the prevalence of anxiety in youth with an ASD is significantly greater than the prevalence of anxiety in the general population. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of informant, method, and instrument when measuring anxiety in this population. Despite the high prevalence, findings to date have been unable to identify any consistent risk factors for anxiety. New psychological treatments, including modified cognitive behavioral therapy for youth with high functioning ASD and co-occurring anxiety, are emerging. Pharmacological data, however, are scant. Existing studies show that youth with ASD are at increased risk for behavioral activation when taking SSRIs.
SUMMARY: Clinicians working with youth with ASD are encouraged to routinely screen for anxiety. Until further data are available, clinical judgment is needed when prescribing treatments, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which require close monitoring of side-effects. Research on risk factors, pathophysiology, and treatment of this condition is needed.
Study Aims and Objectives
Methods- Sample, Procedure, Study Measures, Analysis
Results- Main Findings
Conclusion- Summary Statement It is important that clinicians screen for anxiety in individuals with ASD. Researchers need to continue exploring the relationship between anxiety and autism spectrum disorders, keeping in mind that all individuals will present different challenges and will need unique methods of treatment.
|Alternate Journal||Curr Opin Psychiatry|