Study Aims and Objectives
To examine the relationship between Health-Related Quality of Life and sleep problems among children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Methods- Sample, Procedure, Study Measures, Analysis
86 children between the ages of 4 and 12 were recruited into the study from three study sites across the US. Health-Related Quality of Life was measured by parent-report through the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Sleep data was collected through the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Behavior problems, ASD severity, and cognitive ability were also measured.
Results- Main Findings
Greater overall sleep problems, shorter sleep durations and more severe sleep anxiety were associated with poorer Health-Related Quality of Life. Participants in the study were also found to have lower overall Health-Related Quality of Life scores and more sleep problems than the normative population.
Conclusion- Summary Statement
Results show a negative relationship between sleep problems and Health-Related Quality of Life. These findings indicate that interventions aimed at treating sleep problems in children with ASD may improve this group's overall Health-Related Quality of Life. By better understanding the relationship between sleep and Health-Related Quality of Life, physicians and families can provide interventions that target sleep issues and thus improve the overall quality of life for these children.