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Predicting sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorders.

TitlePredicting sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsShui, AM, Katz, T, Malow, BA, Mazurek, MO
JournalRes Dev Disabil
Date Published2018 Dec

BACKGROUND: Sleep difficulties in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been well-established.

AIMS: To develop a model to predict sleep problems in children with ASD.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A sample of children in the Autism Speaks-Autism Treatment Network (ATN) registry without parent-reported sleep problems at baseline and with sleep problem (yes/no) data at first annual followup was randomly split into training (n = 527) and test (n = 518) samples. Model predictors were selected using the training sample, and a threshold for classifying children at risk was determined. Comparison of the predicted and true sleep problem status of the test sample yielded model performance measures.

OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: In a multivariable model aggressive behavior among children with no sleep problems reported at baseline was associated with having more sleep problems at the first annual follow-up visit. This model performed in the test sample with high sensitivity and accurate prediction of low risk.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Among children with ASD aggressive behavior independently predicts sleep problems. The model's high sensitivity for identifying children at risk and its accurate prediction of low risk can help with treatment and prevention of sleep problems. Further data collection may provide better prediction through methods requiring larger samples.

Alternate JournalRes Dev Disabil
PubMed ID30393065