Study Aims and Objectives
To better understand sensory sensitivity in children with Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS), a genetic condition with associated symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
Methods - Sample, Procedure, Study Measures, Analysis
Using parent questionnaires, researchers compared the responses to sensory input (touch, taste, smell etc.) of 24 children with PMS to those of 61 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). All children were between the ages of two and eleven. Information from these surveys was further used to see how these responses differ from those of typically developing children.
Results – Main Finding(s)
80% of children with PMS and 81% with ASD showed scores that differed from neurotypically developing children. Children with PMS were more likely to appear like they had weak muscles than the children with a more common form of ASD.
Conclusion – Summary Statement
Differences were found between the response to sensory information in children with PMS and those with ASD. Furthermore, children with both PMS and ASD showed significant differences in their responses compared to neurotypically developing children.